What do you call a mistake in baseball?

What is a Mistake in Baseball?

Baseball, America’s pastime, is a beloved sport across the country. It is also a game of mistakes. From dropped balls to missed signals, there is an endless list of mistakes that can be made on the field. In baseball, these mistakes are often referred to as “errors.” But what exactly is an error in baseball?

What is an Error?

An error, in baseball terms, is an instance in which a fielder makes a mistake that allows a batter to reach base or an extra base when he should not have been able to. Errors are also sometimes referred to as fielding mistakes, and are usually caused by a fielder’s misplay of a ball or by an incorrect throw.

In the official rules of Major League Baseball, an error is defined as “a misplay by a fielder that prolongs the time at bat of a batter or runner, or that permits a batter or runner to advance one or more bases or score a run.”

How Are Errors Recorded?

When an error is made on the field, the official scorer has the responsibility of deciding whether or not the play should be ruled an error. The scorer will use the following criteria to make this decision:

  • Did the fielder have a reasonable chance to make the play?
  • Did the fielder make an obvious misplay?
  • Did the fielder make an incorrect throw?
  • Did the fielder make a mental mistake?

If the fielder had a reasonable chance to make the play and was unsuccessful, the official scorer will rule the play an error.

How Are Errors Charged?

If an error is ruled by the official scorer, it is charged to the fielder who made the mistake. The error will be recorded as part of the fielder’s statistic and will count against his fielding percentage.

In addition, if an error is made and it leads to a run being scored, the run will be unearned and will not count against the pitcher’s earned run average.

Types of Errors

There are several different types of errors that can be made on the field. The most common errors are:

  • Dropped Ball Errors – Occur when a fielder fails to catch a ball that he was able to reach.
  • Throwing Errors – Occur when a fielder throws a ball to the wrong base or throws a ball away from its intended target.
  • Foul Ball Errors – Occur when a fielder fails to catch a ball that has been hit foul.
  • Balk Errors – Occur when a pitcher makes an illegal motion while on the mound.
  • Mental Errors – Occur when a fielder makes a mental mistake, such as not covering a base or missing a signal.

How to Avoid Errors

Errors are an unfortunate part of the game of baseball, but there are ways to minimize the chances of making an error.

  • Practice – The best way to avoid making errors is to practice. Players should practice the fundamentals of the game, such as catching, throwing, and fielding, on a regular basis.
  • Focus – Players should always concentrate on the game and be aware of what is happening around them. This will help them react quickly and accurately to any situation.
  • Communication – Players should communicate with each other in order to ensure that everyone is on the same page. This will help to prevent any confusion and decrease the chances of an error.

Consequences of Errors

Errors can have a major impact on a game. If a fielder makes an error, it can result in extra bases and runs for the opposing team. This can often be the difference between winning and losing a game.

In addition, errors can have a psychological effect on a team. When a team makes too many errors, it can lead to a lack of confidence and cause the team to play worse.

Impact on Statistics

Errors can also have an impact on a player’s statistics. A player’s fielding percentage, which is calculated by taking the number of errors he has committed and dividing it by the number of chances he has had, can be negatively impacted by errors.

In addition, errors can affect a player’s overall value. If a player commits too many errors, it will cause teams to view him as unreliable and he may find it difficult to find a job.


Errors are an unfortunate part of the game of baseball, but they can be minimized with practice, focus, and communication. Errors can have a major impact on a game, as well as a player’s statistics and value. It is important for players to be aware of the consequences of errors and to do everything they can to avoid making them.