Where did Jackie Robinson start playing baseball?

Jackie Robinson: A Baseball Legend

Jackie Robinson was an American baseball player who was the first African-American to play in Major League Baseball (MLB). He broke the color barrier in 1947 and is a legendary figure in the history of the sport. Although he retired in 1957, his legacy lives on in baseball today. In this article, we will explore the beginnings of Robinson’s career and where he started playing baseball.

Childhood and Education

Jack Roosevelt Robinson was born on January 31, 1919 in Cairo, Georgia. His family later moved to Pasadena, California, where he attended John Muir High School and Pasadena Junior College. He excelled in several sports, including baseball, basketball, football, and track and field. He was an All-City honoree in baseball and basketball and was the team’s MVP in basketball.

Robinson’s Early Baseball Career

After graduating from Pasadena Junior College in 1939, Robinson signed a contract with the Kansas City Monarchs of the Negro American League. He played with the Monarchs for one season before joining the Hernando Greyhounds of the United States Army. Robinson served in the military from 1942 to 1944 and was honorably discharged.

Robinson Signs with the Brooklyn Dodgers

In 1945, Robinson returned to baseball and signed a contract with the Brooklyn Dodgers of the National League. He played for the Dodgers’ minor league affiliate, the Montreal Royals, for the 1946 season. Robinson was a standout player and earned the International League MVP award.

First Major League Appearance

In 1947, Robinson made his Major League debut with the Brooklyn Dodgers. On April 15, 1947, Robinson stepped onto the field at Ebbets Field as the first African-American to play in the Major Leagues. He was met with a standing ovation from the crowd, which included many African-American fans who had come to witness history.

Jackie Robinson’s Impact on Baseball

Robinson’s appearance in the Major Leagues marked the beginning of the end of baseball’s “color line.” He opened the door for other African-American players to join the Major Leagues, including Larry Doby, Roy Campanella, and Satchel Paige. Robinson’s presence in the Major Leagues also helped to break down barriers of segregation in the sport.

Robinson’s Career Highlights

Robinson played 10 seasons with the Dodgers and was a six-time All-Star. He won the National League MVP Award in 1949 and was a key contributor to the Dodgers’ 1955 World Series victory. He retired in 1957 with a .311 career batting average, 137 home runs, and 734 RBIs.

Robinson’s Legacy

Robinson’s impact on the game of baseball was immense. He was an important part of the civil rights movement and a pioneering figure in the sport. In 1997, Major League Baseball retired Robinson’s number (42) in honor of his accomplishments. Every April 15, MLB celebrates “Jackie Robinson Day” in his memory.

Robinson’s Post-Retirement Life

Robinson retired from baseball in 1957 and went on to become an important figure in the civil rights movement. He was a supporter of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and was active in the NAACP. He was also a successful businessman and was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1962.

The Jackie Robinson Foundation

In 1973, Robinson and his wife Rachel established the Jackie Robinson Foundation (JRF) to provide education and leadership development opportunities to minority youth. The foundation awards scholarships to deserving students and provides them with mentorship and support throughout their college years.


Jackie Robinson is an icon of the game of baseball and a civil rights icon. He broke the color barrier in 1947 and paved the way for African-American players to join the Major Leagues. He had a successful 10-year career with the Brooklyn Dodgers and retired in 1957. His legacy lives on through the Jackie Robinson Foundation and in the hearts of baseball fans across the world.